Ohio's New Research Brief Looks at MJTFs, ARDs, and Victim Recantation

The latest OCJS Research Brief was published in August by the Ohio SAC, which is located in the state's Office of Criminal Justice Services (OCJS). This issue reports on three areas of research. Ohio's Multi-Jurisdictional Task Forces - 2012 Annual Report documents the activities and accomplishments of 32 task forces during CY 2012. The report focuses on street (i.e., non-pharmaceutical) drug activity, pharmaceutical drug diversion, seizures and forfeitures, and other non-drug task force activities. Ohio's multi- jurisdictional task forces generally consist of representatives from local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies and prosecutors, and tend to target mid- to upper-level drug trafficking and organized criminal activity for which it would be difficult for any one jurisdiction to build a case.

Ohio Arrest-Related Deaths in 2012 focuses on 40 arrest-related deaths (ARDs) that occurred in Ohio between January 1 and December 31, 2012. Findings are broken down by manner of death, decedent characteristics, inci-dent circumstances, law enforcement agency characteristics, and county.

The study Victim Recantation: New Insights for Practice and Policy used live telephone conversations between domestic violence perpetrators and victims to answer questions about how and why victims arrive at their decision to recant and/or refuse prosecution efforts. The study found a five-stage process involved with victim recantation: 1) accusation, 2) minimization of the abuse and appeal to the victim's sympathy, 3) bonding, 4) solicitation, or an appeal by the perpetrator for the victim to recant, and 5) collusion, in which the victim and perpetrator construct a recantation plan. The study authors call for "recantation frameworks" that recognize both the abuse behavioral tactics used by perpetrators and the interplay of emotions between members of violent couples. They also point to the importance of providing supportive assistance to victims, including having a trusted victim advocate work with victims throughout the criminal justice process to defend them against the perpetrator's sophisticated techniques that may result in a recantation.