BJS to Implement 2014 Census of Adult Probation Supervising Agencies
The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) is working with Westat and the American Probation and Parole Association (APPA) to implement the 2014 Census of Adult Probation Supervising Agencies (CAPSA). Westat will collect data for this census. CAPSA will be the first census of its kind in more than 20 years and will provide current information on the structure and nature of adult probation in the United States. CAPSA will gather information on agency functions, populations served, agency policies and practices (e.g., methods of supervision, risk and needs assessment, firearms policies and arrest powers of officers), supervision authority (e.g., to impose conditions, to grant early positive discharge, and to impose a period of incarceration), funding sources, and branch and level of government (if a public agency). Policymakers, practitioners, and community corrections agencies at all levels of government will be able to use the information collected to assist in policy development and criminal justice planning.
In advance of data collection, BJS, Westat, and APPA will develop a preliminary roster of entities that may meet CAPSA eligibility criteria. When CAPSA is fielded, all entities on the roster will be screened to determine their eligibility status. The primary mode of screening and data collection will be a web survey for public agencies and a paper survey for private companies.
In 2013, BJS completed a pilot test of CAPSA to determine the capabilities and functionality of the survey questionnaires and to assess the level of respondent burden associated with the request. About 60 entities across 40 states were asked to participate in the pilot test. The national CAPSA will begin in the summer of 2014. The first report presenting CAPSA findings is scheduled for release in 2015. The initial report will provide an overview of public and private adult probation supervising agencies in the United States and describe how its structure and functions vary across jurisdictions. For more information, visit http://www.bjs.gov/content/capsa.cfm.