BJS has recently released the following reports:
Populations in the United States, 2015.
This report presents statistics on persons supervised by adult correctional systems in the United States at yearend 2015, including persons supervised in the community on probation or parole and those incarcerated in state or federal prison or local jail. The report describes the size and change in the total correctional population during 2015. Appendix tables provide statistics on other correctional populations and jurisdiction-level estimates of the total correctional population by correctional status and sex for selected years. This report can be found here.Prisoners in 2015.
This report presents final counts of prisoners under the jurisdiction of state and federal correctional authorities at yearend 2015, including admissions, releases, noncitizen inmates, and inmates age 17 or younger. The report describes prisoner populations by - jurisdiction, most serious offense, and demographic characteristics. Selected findings on prison capacity and prisoners held in private prisons, local jails, and the U.S. military and territories are also included. Findings are based on data from BJS's National Prisoner Statistics program, which collects data from state departments of correction and the Federal Bureau of Prisons. This report can be found here.Jail Inmates in 2015.
This report presents information on changes in the jail inmate population between 2000 and 2015 by - demographic characteristics, conviction status, average daily population, rated capacity of local jails, percent of capacity occupied. It also includes statistics, by jurisdiction size, on changes in the number of inmates, admissions, and weekly turnover rate from 2014 to 2015. Estimates and standard errors were based on BJS's Annual Survey of Jails. The report can be found here.BJS has added 2015 data to the Corrections Statistical Analysis Tool (CSAT) - Prisoners.
This data analysis tool provides instant access to BJS's National Prisoner Statistics data on inmates under the jurisdiction of federal and state correctional authorities, including state-level prisoner data from the 50 state departments of correction, the Federal Bureau of Prisons, and the District of Columbia. Users can instantly generate tables of yearend populations, admissions, and releases by selected prisoner characteristics. CSAT can be found here.
Illinois Selected to Participate in National Criminal Justice Reform Project (NCJRP)
The NCJRP offers technical assistance to states in the planning and implementation of data-driven, evidence-based practices in the areas of pretrial reform, re-entry and offender recidivism, mental health and substance abuse, reducing incarceration, and information sharing.
Through the project and with the assistance of an advisory board of national experts, the Governor's Office and ICJIA will lead teams of policymakers and key stakeholders on a strategic planning process for advancing reforms within the state's executive branch. The process will enable the Illinois Executive Branch to address priorities, enhance decision-making, and achieve system-wide improvements in areas where governors can drive change. Read the full press release here.
BJS has recently released the following reports:
Probation and Parole in the United States, 2015.
This report presents data on adult offenders under community supervision while on probation or parole in 2015. The report includes national data on trends for the overall community supervision population and annual changes in the probation and parole populations. It describes statistics on the number of offenders entering and exiting probation or parole; offenders by sex, race or Hispanic origin, most serious offense type, and status of supervision; and outcomes of supervision, including the rate at which offenders completed their term of supervision. Appendix tables include jurisdiction-level information on the population counts and number of entries and exits for probation and parole and jurisdiction-level information on the types of entries and exits for probation and parole. The report can be found here.Mortality in State Prisons, 2001-2014 - Statistical Tables and Mortality in Local Jails, 2000–2014 - Statistical Tables.
These reports describe national-and state-level data on inmate deaths that occurred in state prisons from 2001 to 2014 and in local jails from 2000 to 2014. The reports also include preliminary counts of inmate deaths in state prisons and local jails in 2015. Aggregate counts of inmate deaths in federal prisons are also presented. Mortality data include the number of deaths and mortality rates by year, cause of death, selected decedent characteristics, and the state where the death occurred. The state prisons report can be found here and the local jails report can be found here.Arrest-Related Deaths Program Redesign Study, 2015-16: Preliminary Findings.
This report provides preliminary results of the Bureau of Justice Statistics' redesign of the Arrest-Related Deaths (ARD) collection component of the Deaths in Custody Reporting Program, which was established in response to the Death in Custody Reporting Act of 2000 (P.L. 106-297), reauthorized in 2014. The ARD program represents a national accounting of persons who died during the process of arrest, including justifiable homicides by law enforcement personnel and deaths attributed to suicide, accidental injury, and natural causes. This technical report describes BJS's revised hybrid ARD data collection process using open information sources and detailed official records from law enforcement agencies and medical examiner/coroners (ME/C) offices. It presents an assessment of the open source data collection method and provides preliminary counts of the number of deaths and other information reported by law enforcement agencies and ME/C offices. This report can be found here.
NIJ provides update on upcoming funding opportunities
NIJ will continue to invest in the goals that we defined last year to: (1) Encourage a multidisciplinary approach that emphasizes how social science, forensic science, physical science, and technology are all necessary to solve the range of challenges faced by the criminal justice system and fill gaps in our understanding; and (2) Foster partnerships between researchers and practitioners to ensure that research is relevant and responsive to the needs of those working in criminal justice who will eventually be applying the research through evidence-based practices. A selection of our upcoming solicitations include:
More information is available here.NIJ has released HOPE II: A Follow up Evaluation of Hawaii’s HOPE Probation.
In two 2007 studies in Hawaii, a comparison-group quasi-experiment and a randomized controlled trial, HOPE was demonstrated to improve compliance with terms of probation at 12-month followup, with large reductions in drug use, recidivism, and overall incarceration for offenders assigned to the program. This study extends the original HOPE evaluations to an almost ten-year followup, addressing whether the improvements in criminal-justice outcomes observed during the active HOPE intervention persist after the term of probation. The study also documents changes in HOPE practices and ongoing implementation fidelity to the model. The report is available here.
NCJA has named Chris Asplen as its new Executive Director.
Asplen, a former prosecutor and national and international expert on the use of DNA technologies. He will take over for Cabell Cropper, who led the association for almost 20 years and will retire in December. The full press release is available here.
The Bureau of Justice Statistics has released Crime Against Persons with Disabilities, 2009-2014 - Statistical Tables.
This report details the rates of nonfatal violent victimization against persons with and without disabilities, describes the types of disabilities, and compares victim characteristics. Nonfatal violent crimes include rape or sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault, and simple assault. The findings are based on the Bureau of Justice Statistics’ (BJS) National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS). The report is available here.
JRSA Releases the Results from a Technical Assistance Needs Assessment
This report details the results of a SAC needs assessment survey conducted by JRSA's Training and Capacity Building (TACB) committee. The foundation for this survey was a document produced by Stan Orchowsky and Jeff Sedgwick outlining the components of SAC Capacity across four areas - relationships, core statistical and data analytic capacities, communication and dissemination, and ethical conduct. The report is available here.
Recent Criminal Justice Job Openings
The Justice Research and Statistics Association has an immediate opening for a Project Manager in our Washington, DC office. Full postings
The Justice Research and Statistics Association has an immediate opening for a Research Analyst or Research Associate in our Washington, DC office. Full postings
The West Virginia SAC is seeking a Research Specialist I. Full posting
The Milwaukee Police Department is seeking a Crime Analyst works within the Office of Management Analysis and Planning. Full posting
The Bureau of Justice Statistics has released Jails in Indian Country, 2015.
This report describes jails, confinement facilities, detention centers, and other correctional facilities operated by tribal authorities or the Bureau of Indian Affairs. It presents trends in Indian country jails, including inmate characteristics and offense type; midyear, peak, and average daily population; and admissions and expected average length of stay at admission. It also provides data on rated capacity, facility crowding, jail staffing, and deaths in custody. Findings were based on BJS's 2015 Survey of Jails in Indian Country. The report is available here.
JRSA Welcomes a New Research Analyst
In October of 2016 JRSA welcomed Bailey Maryfield to our staff. She will be working on the National Institute of Justice and Bureau of Justice Statistics Methamphetamine Project. Prior to working at JRSA, Bailey worked as a research associate for the Indiana Statistical Analysis Center located in the Indiana Criminal Justice Institute. Her full bio can be found here.
FBI to collect National Use of Force Data
Beginning in January 2017, the FBI will be collecting data on use of force by law enforcement agencies. The collection and reporting of use-of-force data will include any use of force that results in the death or serious bodily injury of a person, as well as when a law enforcement officer discharges a firearm at or in the direction of a person. The FBI is developing a repository for use-of-force information and will periodically release statistics to the public. More information can be found here.
Attention SACs: Time is Running Out to Apply for the 2016 Mutual Assistance Program!
JRSA established the Mutual Assistance Program (MAP) in order to take advantage of the SAC network and to facilitate the connection between SACs who are in need of specialized training or skills and those SACs who have knowledge and experience in these areas. MAP is a tool intended to encourage communication among SACs and for SACs to provide assistance to each other.
Could your SAC staff benefit from additional training in a particular area of research methodology, data management or analysis?
If yes, please email Erin Farley at firstname.lastname@example.org to submit your request. Technical assistance requests should include a description of the assistance needed and timeframe or deadlines (be as specific as possible). Peer review requests should include a copy of or link to the publication and a description.
The Bureau of Justice Statistics has released the results of the 2015 National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS).
The NCVS collects information on nonfatal crimes reported and not reported to the police against persons age 12 or older from a nationally representative sample of U.S. households. The 2015 results show that the violent crime rate was down slightly, but not significantly, from 2014 (20.1 to 18.6 victimizations per 1,000 individuals). Property crime rates decreased from 118.1 victimizations per 1,000 households in 2014 to 110.7 per 1,000 in 2015. The report, Criminal Victimization 2015, can be found here.
The FBI has released the 2015 Uniform Crime Report (UCR)
After two years of decline, the estimated number of violent crimes in the nation increased 3.9 percent in 2015 when compared with 2014 data, according to FBI figures released today. Property crimes dropped 2.6 percent, marking the 13th straight year the collective estimates for these offenses declined. The full press release is available here.
Upcoming JRSA Training and Technical Assistance Webinars
Join us! Registration is open for several upcoming webinars.
2016 National Forum on Criminal Justice Presentation Now Available
Thank you to everyone who attended the 2016 National Forum on Criminal Justice in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Below, you will find a link to session descriptions, speaker bios, slideshow presentations, and handouts from the workshops, and general sessions at this year's conference. Read More
New Executive Committee Elected to Lead JRSA in 2016-2017
The state Statistical Analysis Center directors elected officers to serve on the JRSA Executive Committee for 2015-2016. The election results were announced at the JRSA annual business meeting. Read More
SACs in Oregon and West Virginia Win 2016 Yearwood Awards
The Douglas Yearwood National Publication Award recognizes outstanding reports that apply empirical analysis to criminal justice policy and practice. The award is given in two categories: Statistical/Management, and Research/Policy Analysis, with separate awards going to small SACs (less than five staff) and large SACs in each category. Read More
Using a Multistate Perspective to Examine Recidivism Outcomes
Historically, collecting and processing multistate criminal history records into a common coding structure suitable for statistical analysis has been time consuming and labor intensive. This article describes BJS's efforts to automate and standardize the criminal history data collection process and the use of larger samples of criminal history records to study recidivism patterns in greater depth. Read More
Nlets - The International Justice and Public Safety Network
This article provides general background information about Nlets and specific information about their Targeted Interstate Photo Sharing (TIPS) initiative and their Criminal History Information Exchange Format (CHIEF) project. Read More
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