Step Four: Identify Measures

Darcy selects her outcome measures by determining the change(s) she assumes will result from program activities.  Here are some of Darcy’s proposed objectives and outcome measures:


  1. Increase the grade point average for 60% of youth participating in the program.
  2. Decrease the number of school absences by at least two days per quarter for 90% of participating youth by program completion.
  3. All program youth will begin to participate in at least one school sponsored during the course of the program.


Notice that Darcy has specified these objectives with the percent of youth she expects to show change.  She can adjust these percents later to further improve the program’s success.  For example, Darcy feels it is reasonable to expect 60% of youth to increase GPA by the end of the program, but the following year, she may increase that number to 75% if the program is a success.

The initial and intermediate outcome measures listed below are directly linked to program objectives, and can be measured during or at the end of the program.


  1. Number and percent of youth with increased grade point average by completion of program.
  2. Number and percent of youth with at least two fewer absences in the final quarter of the program compared to the first quarter of the program.
  3. Number and percent of youth participating in at least one school-sponsored activity during the course of the program.


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