Step Four: Identify Measures

OUTCOMES AND PROGRAM LOGIC

Here are two more IF-THEN statements that follow Darcy’s program logic:

  • IF youths’ grades improve, attendance improves, and participation in extracurricular activities increases, THEN youths will feel stronger bonds or ties to their schools.

In Darcy’s program theory, improvements in school performance result in increased bonding to school. Youth bonding to school is therefore an intermediate outcome. It is a result of the initial outcomes, and is itself necessary for the program to meet its goal.

  • IF youths feel stronger bonds or ties to their schools, THEN they are more likely to adopt other prosocial values, such as a belief in the importance of lawful behavior.

The adoption of prosocial values other than the importance of academic achievement is an intermediate outcome that is a necessary step in achieving Darcy’s program goal.

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