Since the Title II legislation requires that tribes must provide law enforcement functions to be eligible for funding, these tribes were identified using three available sources.
First, the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) data from the Census of Tribal Justice Agencies in American Indian and Alaska Native Tribal Jurisdictions were used, as reported in Census of Tribal Justice Agencies in Indian Country, 2002. In the Census, tribes were surveyed to collect information on tribal law enforcement, courts and administration, corrections and intermediate sentences, criminal history records and justice statistics. According to the final report, 165 tribes performed law enforcement functions, defined as agencies that employed at least one full-time sworn officer with general arrest powers. This information was supplemented by adding tribal-owned law enforcement or detention/corrections agencies that are listed in Bureau of Indian Affairs' 2010 Office of Tribal Justice Directory.
The second source identified 92 Native American villages in Alaska with Village Public Safety Officers. This information was obtained from the Alaska Department of Public Safety's Village Public Safety Officer Program. The list of officers is updated monthly; for the 2011 calculations, the July 2010 through June 2011 lists were used.
Finally, tribes that received law enforcement or justice funding from the Office of Justice Programs (OJP) or the Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) in 2008, 2009, or 2010. From OJP, tribes could receive funds through either the Tribal Courts Assistance Program or the Correctional Facilities on Tribal Lands Program. From COPS, tribes could receive funds through either the COPS Hiring Program or the COPS Tribal Resource Grant Program. Since the purpose of these grant programs is to strengthen law enforcement and justice-related functions, this serves as an indicator that the tribe is undertaking some type of law enforcement activity. To view the list of awards, go to: