Standardizing theDisplay of IBR Data: Property Variables

Data Collection and Quality Issues Associated with Property Variables

Type Property Loss at a Glance

Segment? Property
Required? For certain offenses
Number of Entries? 1
Number of Coding Options? 8

Data Collection

Property segments are to be submitted when a crime against property or kidnaping/abduction is involved in the incident.  Therefore, property segments data elements are to be submitted only if the incident includes at least one of the following offenses:

100 Kidnaping/Abduction 26A False Pretenses / Swindle / Confidence Game
120 Robbery 26B Credit Card / Automatic Teller Machine Fraud
200 Arson 26C Impersonation
210 Extortion/Blackmail 26D Welfare Fraud
220 Burglary/B&E 26E Wire Fraud
23A Pocket-Picking 270 Embezzlement
23B Purse-Snatching 280 Stolen Property Offenses (Receiving, etc.)
23C Shoplifting 290 Destruction / Damage / Vandalism of Property
23D Theft from Building 35A Drug/Narcotic Violations
23E Theft from Coin-Operated Machine or Device 35B Drug Equipment Violations
23F Theft from Motor Vehicle 39A Betting/Wagering
23G Theft of Motor Vehicle Parts or Accessories 39B Operating / Promoting / Assisting Gambling
23H All Other Larceny 39C Gambling Equipment Violations
240 Motor Vehicle Theft 39D Sports Tampering
250 Counterfeiting/Forgery 510 Bribery

Type Property Loss is to be used to describe the type(s) of property loss, recovery, seizure, etc., which occurred in an incident.  A separate entry is made for each type of loss.  For example, if a single incident involved both arson and burglary, then a property segment containing Burned and another property segment containing Stolen should be submitted for the incident.  There are 8 coding options:

1

None

5

Recovered (to impound property that was previously stolen)

2

Burned (includes damage caused in fighting the fire)

6

Seized (to impound property which was not previously stolen)

3

Counterfeited/Forged

7

Stolen/Etc. (includes bribed, defrauded, embezzled, extorted, ransomed, robbed, etc.)

4

Destroyed/Damaged/Vandalized

8

Unknown

Please note that an agency should report property stolen in its jurisdiction.   Likewise, recovered property should be reported by the agency that reported it as stolen.


Data Quality Issues

Some property loss types do not make sense in conjunction with certain offenses.  For example, when a Motor Vehicle Theft offense is listed, it is unlikely that the type of loss would be Counterfeited/Forged.  A quick spot check can help to identify some of these mismatches.  In the 1999 NIBRS Property segment, we see that 11 property entries were listed as burned for robbery offenses.

offense_loss.jpg (155986 bytes)

Since there may be additional offenses in the incident, we need to look at the other offenses where necessary. 

Since 13% of the robbery offenses occurred in conjunction with other offenses, these incidents will need to be examined to see if arson occurred for the property items listed as burned.  If not, these incidents will need to be reviewed to determine whether the type of property loss is entered correctly.

Download the SPSS code for this data quality check
Note: Please check that the variable names used in this syntax match the variable names in your data file.  If you need assistance, contact JRSA.