Standardizing theDisplay of IBR Data: Property Variables
Data Collection and Quality Issues Associated with Property Variables
Type Property Loss at a Glance
|Required?||For certain offenses|
|Number of Entries?||1|
|Number of Coding Options?||8|
Property segments are to be submitted when a crime against property or kidnaping/abduction is involved in the incident. Therefore, property segments data elements are to be submitted only if the incident includes at least one of the following offenses:
|100||Kidnaping/Abduction||26A||False Pretenses / Swindle / Confidence Game|
|120||Robbery||26B||Credit Card / Automatic Teller Machine Fraud|
|23B||Purse-Snatching||280||Stolen Property Offenses (Receiving, etc.)|
|23C||Shoplifting||290||Destruction / Damage / Vandalism of Property|
|23D||Theft from Building||35A||Drug/Narcotic Violations|
|23E||Theft from Coin-Operated Machine or Device||35B||Drug Equipment Violations|
|23F||Theft from Motor Vehicle||39A||Betting/Wagering|
|23G||Theft of Motor Vehicle Parts or Accessories||39B||Operating / Promoting / Assisting Gambling|
|23H||All Other Larceny||39C||Gambling Equipment Violations|
|240||Motor Vehicle Theft||39D||Sports Tampering|
Type Property Loss is to be used to describe the type(s) of property loss, recovery, seizure, etc., which occurred in an incident. A separate entry is made for each type of loss. For example, if a single incident involved both arson and burglary, then a property segment containing Burned and another property segment containing Stolen should be submitted for the incident. There are 8 coding options:
|Recovered (to impound property that was previously stolen)|
|Burned (includes damage caused in fighting the fire)||
|Seized (to impound property which was not previously stolen)|
|Stolen/Etc. (includes bribed, defrauded, embezzled, extorted, ransomed, robbed, etc.)|
Please note that an agency should report property stolen in its jurisdiction. Likewise, recovered property should be reported by the agency that reported it as stolen.
Data Quality Issues
Some property loss types do not make sense in conjunction with certain offenses. For example, when a Motor Vehicle Theft offense is listed, it is unlikely that the type of loss would be Counterfeited/Forged. A quick spot check can help to identify some of these mismatches. In the 1999 NIBRS Property segment, we see that 11 property entries were listed as burned for robbery offenses.
Since there may be additional offenses in the incident, we need to look at the other offenses where necessary.
Since 13% of the robbery offenses occurred in conjunction with other offenses, these incidents will need to be examined to see if arson occurred for the property items listed as burned. If not, these incidents will need to be reviewed to determine whether the type of property loss is entered correctly.
Download the SPSS code for this data quality
Note: Please check that the variable names used in this syntax match the variable names in your data file. If you need assistance, contact JRSA.