Standardizing the Display of IBR Data: Injury Variables

Additional Examples of Displaying Injury Variables

Injury variables have been used in various reports to show the kinds of injuries experienced by victims.

Presented below are examples of tables using injury variables.  SPSS code is presented with each table.


The first table shows the number of victims injured in incidents involving juvenile offenders.

Example 1.  Incidents Involving Juvenile Offenders by Number of Victims Injured, 1994-1999
Produced by the Massachusetts Executive Office of Public Safety Programs Division in Juvenile Crime in Massachusetts, 2000.

  Incident Year
Number of Victims Injured 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 Total
0 1,035
72.7%
1,830
73.8%
2,704
72.0%
3,476
71.8%
3,873
73.5%
3,724
72.0%
16,642
72.5%
1 365
25.6%
607
24.5%
976
26.0%
1,268
26.2%
1,311
24.9%
1,338
25.9%
5,865
25.6%
2 20
1.4%
35
1.4%
55
1.5%
82
1.7%
71
1.3%
99
1.9%
362
1.6%
3 2
.1%
4
.2%
18
.5%
9
.2%
14
.3%
10
.2%
57
.2%
4 2
.1%
2
.1%
  2
.0%
2
.0%
3
.1%
11
.0%
5   1
.0%
  2
.0%
1
.0%
  4
.0%
6     1
.0%
1
.0%
    2
.0%
8       1
.0%
    1
.0%
12     1
.0%
      1
.0%
Total 1,424
100%
2,479
100%
3,755
100%
4,841
100%
5,272
100%
5,174
100%
22,945
100%

The majority of incidents did not result in victim injury.  Approximately one quarter of incidents resulted in an injury to one victim and two or more victims were injured in 1 to 2 percent of incidents.  From 1994 to 1999, 362 incidents involved injury to two victims, 57 incidents resulted in three injured victims, and 19 incidents involved four or more injured victims.

To create this table, the victim and offender segments are linked by incident number.   All incidents involving offenders under the age of 18 are selected.  A count of the number of victims is created, and the resulting table is a result of a frequency of the number of victims involved in each incident. 

Download SPSS syntax for Example 1.
Note: Please check that the variable names used in this syntax match the variable names in your data file.  If you need assistance, contact JRSA.


The next table looks at the type of injury reported in domestic violence incidents.

Example 2.  Domestic Violence Victim Injuries
Produced by the Utah Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice in Crime in Utah , 2000.

Victim Apparent Broken Bones Apparent Minor Injury Loss of Teeth No Injury Other Major Injury Possible Internal Injury Severe Laceration Unconscious-
ness
Total
Spouse 3 1,183 0 1,669 10 3 8 1 2,877
Common-
Law Spouse
2 208 0 176 1 2 3 1 393
Parent 1 239 0 493 0 0 6 0 739
Sibling 3 500 0 880 0 9 7 0 1,399
Child 10 599 0 1,746 3 3 5 0 2,366
Grandparent 0 15 0 24 0 0 0 0 39
Grandchild 0 24 0 110 0 0 0 0 134
In-Law 0 89 0 143 2 0 2 1 237
Step-Parent 0 70 0 72 0 0 1 0 143
Step-Child 2 63 0 210 0 2 0 0 277
Step-Sibling 0 11 0 34 0 0 0 0 45
Other Family 1 174 0 464 6 3 3 0 651
Boyfriend/
Girlfriend
3 1,057 0 1,121 8 4 4 2 2,199
Child of Boy or Girlfriend 0 49 0 85 0 2 1 0 137
Ex-Spouse 0 80 0 187 2 0 0 0 269
Homosexual Relationship 0 17 0 18 0 0 1 0 36
Total 25 4,378 0 7,432 32 28 41 5 11,941

Most domestic violence incidents in Utah resulted in no injury or apparent minor injury.

To create this table, only domestic relationships were selected in the victim segment.   A frequency table then displays the type of injury suffered by the victim in these incidents.

Download SPSS syntax for Example 2.
Note: Please check that the variable names used in this syntax match the variable names in your data file.  If you need assistance, contact JRSA.


The third example looks at the types of injuries sustained by elderly victims.

Example 3.  Frequency Distribution for Victim Injury by the Three Traditional Age Groups for Elders.  Produced by Donald Faggiani and Myra G. Owens in Robbery of Older Adults in Justice Research and Policy, 2000.

 

65 - 74

75 - 84

85 or older

  Male Female Male Female Male Female
  N % N % N % N % N % N %

Death

3 1.3 3 2.0 3 2.7 4 4.2 - - - -
Serious physical injury 19 8.1 9 6.1 14 12.4 11 11.5 4 10.5 3 11.1
Apparent minor injury 46 19.6 28 19.0 22 19.5 25 26.0 8 21.1 8 29.6
No injury 167 71.1 107 72.8 74 65.5 56 58.3 26 68.4 16 59.3

According to the data presented, elderly victims are much more likely to experience no injury than serious injury or death.

This table was created by creating age groups of victims and categorizing injuries into serious and minor injury.  A table of age categories and injury categories was then displayed.

Download SPSS syntax for Example 3.
Note: Please check that the variable names used in this syntax match the variable names in your data file.  If you need assistance, contact JRSA.


The final table looks at the injuries sustained at schools in South Carolina.

Example 4.  School Violence Victims by Injury
Produced by the South Carolina Department of Public Safety, Office of Justice Programs in School Violence in South Carolina 1996 - 1998, 2000.

Injury

Number Percentage
Broken Bones 68 .5
Internal Injury 55 .4
Severe Laceration 264 1.9
Minor Injury 3,410 24.2
Loss of Teeth 17 .1
Unconsciousness 2,175 15.5
Other major Injury 201 1.4
None 7,877 56.0

Total

14,067 100.0

As this table shows, most of the offenses occurring on school property resulted in no injury or minor injury.  However, 15.5% of the offenses resulted in unconsciousness.

To create this table, location data are matched to victim injury data.  Incidents occurring on school property are selected, and a frequency table of injury is displayed.

Download SPSS syntax for Example 4.
Note: Please check that the variable names used in this syntax match the variable names in your data file.  If you need assistance, contact JRSA.