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Hate/Bias Crime

Crime Statistics Unit. (Annual). Hate crimes. Tennessee Bureau of Investigation.

Montana Statistical Analysis Center. (Annual). Reported hate crimes. Montana Board of Crime Control.

Messner, S. F., McHugh, S., and Felson, R. B. (2004). Distinctive characteristics of assaults motivated by bias. Criminology, 42(3), 585-618.

Strom, K. (2001). pdf document Hate crimes reported in NIBRS, 1997-99. NCJ 186765. Washington, DC: US Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics.