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What is NIBRS?

The National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) was developed by the FBI to improve the statistical reporting and analysis capabilities of the law enforcement community. The specifications for NIBRS are the result of a collaborative effort between the FBI and local, state, and national criminal justice agencies and professional organizations.

The FBI certifies states for incident-based reporting. For a list of the states certified, testing, or developing NIBRS, see Status of NIBRS in the States. Within each state, the number of reporting agencies varies. Law enforcement agencies with an existing incident-based reporting system can modify their systems to satisfy NIBRS requirements. Alternatively, agencies that implement NIBRS can expand its capabilities to meet internal agency requirements and still be NIBRS compliant.

The primary features of NIBRS are:

Next: Advantages of Incident-Based Reporting Over Summary Reporting