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IBR Resource Center Reports Using State Data

Many states and localities have been using and reporting incident-based data for some time. It is instructive to see how analysts are using incident-based data to describe for policymakers and others the nature of crime in their jurisdictions.

Listed below are reports of JRSA-funded projects in state Statistical Analysis Centers (SACs), listed alphabetically by state. For additional state reports, please see the Bibliography.


Delaware

Crime at the Beach: An Analysis of Complaints, Charges, Victims, and Offenders in Rehoboth Beach and Dewey Beach, Delaware 1996 through 1998 (2000)
Delaware Statistical Analysis Center
The Delaware SAC used its NIBRS-compatible state IBR system, which includes addresses of victims and offenders, to map burglary incidents in a suburban area, one of the state's fastest growing communities. The analysis examined offenders' addresses in relation to the targeted neighborhood.


Idaho

Violent Crimes Against Children in Idaho as Reported to Law Enforcement: 1998-2011 (2012)
Idaho Statistical Analysis Center
The Idaho State Police Planning, Grants and Research Bureau used state incident-based data to examine crimes with juvenile victims. The ACCESS queries are also available.

Idaho's Juvenile Crime (2009)
Idaho Statistical Analysis Center
The Idaho State Police Planning, Grants and Research Bureau used state incident-based data to create a profile of juvenile crime in the state.


Iowa

Implementation of the National Incident-Based Reporting System in Iowa (2001)
Iowa Statistical Analysis Center
The Iowa Department of Human Rights, Division of Criminal and Juvenile Justice Planning and Statistical Analysis Center researched the implementation of NIBRS within Iowa. Agencies fully reporting NIBRS data were compared to agencies not yet reporting. A discussion of how to overcome the obstacles faced by law enforcement agencies was also presented.


Maine

Maine's Conversion to NIBRS (2005)
Maine Statistical Analysis Center
The Muskie School of Public Service at the University of Southern Maine documented the implementation of NIBRS in Maine.


Michigan

Reported Incidents Between Intimate Partners: An Analysis of Data from the Michigan Information Crime Reporting System (2001)
Michigan Statistical Analysis Center
The Michigan Justice Statistics Center used data from the MICR system to produce an analysis of incidents of domestic violence in urban and rural counties. The analysis examined the various offenses associated with domestic violence incidents, and compared rates of these incidents for counties grouped by region and size.


New Mexico

Predictors of Firearm Usage in Violent Crimes: Assessing the Importance of Individual, Situational, and Contextual Factors (2012)
New Mexico Statistical Analysis Center
The SAC studied the impact of co-offending groups and incident location on the use of firearms in violent crimes, controlling for relevant individual and incident variables. In addition, the authors explored the impact of structural variables at the block group level on firearm offending.

Place and Neighborhood Crime: Examining the Relationship between Schools, Churches, and Alcohol Related Establishments and Crime (2011)
New Mexico Statistical Analysis Center
The New Mexico Statistical Analysis Center continues to examine local crime by examining the impact of schools, churches and the availability of alcohol.

Schools and Neighborhood Crime (2009)
New Mexico Statistical Analysis Center
The New Mexico Statistical Analysis Center, located in the University of New Mexico's Institute for Social Research, used incident-based data from Albuquerque PD to determine whether neighborhood crime is influenced by the presence of a school. Using crime data, the authors tested the Routine Activity and Social Disorganization theories to determine whether the presence of schools, school type, or school quality are related to crime.

Travel to Violence (2007)
New Mexico Statistical Analysis Center
In this project, the New Mexico Statistical Analysis Center used 1998 - 2002 incident-based data from the Albuquerque Police Department and Bernalillo County Sheriff's Office to examine travel distance of offenders committing robbery, burglary or assault offenses.


New York

Juvenile Arrest Data Quality in New York State’s Incident Based Reporting System (2011)
New York Statistical Analysis Center
The New York Statistical Analysis Center examines why the reported arrests of juveniles in the state are decreasing.


Ohio

2009 Crime in Youngstown, Ohio (2010)
Ohio Statistical Analysis Center
The Ohio Statistical Analysis Center maps the crime of Youngstown to examine offense characteristics.


South Carolina

An Overview of Racial Disproportionality in Juvenile Arrests and Offenses in South Carolina (2012)
South Carolina Statistical Analysis Center
This report demonstrates the utility of incident based crime data as an analytical tool to address matters of policy.

SCIBRS & CCHR: A status report on the feasibility of linking two important South Carolina law enforcement databases (2010)
South Carolina Statistical Analysis Center
The authors matched law enforcement data with criminal history data to examine criminal domestic violence incidents and their outcomes.

State Law Enforcement Division (SLED) Automated Incident-Reporting Survey Results (2000)
South Carolina Statistical Analysis Center
The South Carolina SAC surveyed local law enforcement agencies to chart the progress in automating their incident-reporting systems and in developing mapping capabilities.

School Violence in South Carolina 1996 - 1998: An Incident-Based Descriptive Analysis (1999)
South Carolina Statistical Analysis Center
The South Carolina SAC used data from their SCIBRS system to produce a descriptive analysis of reported crime that occurred at South Carolina public and private schools over a three-year period. The analyses examined UCR offense classification, time of occurrence, victim characteristics, weapons used in the offense, victim/offender relationships, victim injuries, arrests, clearances, and arrestee characteristics.


South Dakota

Victim Demographic Information (2000)
South Dakota Statistical Analysis Center
The South Dakota SAC used data from their IBR system to produce a descriptive analysis of crime victims. The analysis examined victim characteristics, victim-offender relationships, use and involvement of drugs and weapons, and common locations for various types of crimes.


Texas

Exploring Incident-Based Crime Data: The Environmental and Situational Correlates of Victim Injury Risk and Severity in Non-fatal Violent Incidents (2009)
University of Texas at San Antonio
The Texas SAC partnered with the University of Texas at San Antonio used NIBRS data for five cities (Amarillo, Denton, El Paso, Fort Worth, and Plano) to try to identify environmental and situational predictors of victimization injury risk and severity during violent incidents.


Utah

Thefts from Automobiles:
Using Data to Address Community Problems
(2002)
Utah Statistical Analysis Center
The Utah Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice conducted an analysis utilizing NIBRS data to look at the crime of theft from motor vehicles in Roy City. The purpose of the analysis was to provide Roy City with valid and useful information that would lead to the formation of policies and programs to lower the number of thefts from motor vehicles while demonstrating the usefulness of NIBRS data collection and analysis to other law enforcement agencies in the state.


Vermont

An Analysis of Domestic Violence and Arrest Patterns in Vermont Using NIBRS Data (2012)
Vermont Statistical Analysis Center
The Vermont Center for Justice Research analyzed domestic violence incidents and the decision to arrest.

Presenting Incident-Based Reporting (IBR) Data - One Byte at a Time (2003)
Vermont Statistical Analysis Center
The Vermont Center for Justice Research outlined the Crime Byte program implemented by the Center, which provides short, focused and graphics-oriented analyses to the public.

Exploring the Dynamics of Race and Crime Using Vermont NIBRS Data (2003)
Vermont Statistical Analysis Center
The Vermont Center for Justice Research examined NIBRS data for differences in offense characteristics and the likelihood of arrest using race/ethnicity of the offender as a central independent variable.

Linking Incident-Based Crime Data and Court Records: A Pilot Study of Domestic Relationship and Driving Under the Influence Incidents (2000)
Vermont Statistical Analysis Center
The Vermont Center for Justice Research used data from the VIBRS system to produce an analysis of incidents involving a domestic relationship, including timing issues/peak periods, weapons use, injury, substance use, locations, and socio-demographic patterns in the victim-offender relationship. The Center also integrated the NIBRS data with court data in order to estimate the levels at which domestic violence cases are prosecuted. An additional analysis examines DUI incidents in Vermont.


West Virginia

Improving State Capacity for Crime Reporting: An Exploratory Analysis of Data Quality and Imputation Methods Using NIBRS Data (2012)
West Virginia Statistical Analysis Center
The West Virginia SAC examined various methods of estimating data for agencies that did not report crime.

Assessing the Validity of Hate Crime Reporting: An Analysis of NIBRS data (2011)
West Virginia Statistical Analysis Center
The West Virginia SAC examined the validity of NIBRS reports of hate crimes in West Virginia to determine the extent of underreporting and classification errors.

Crime in WV Cities: A Comparative Analysis of Selected Population Groups and Victim-Offender Relationships (2007)
West Virginia Statistical Analysis Center
The West Virginia SAC examined crime trends in various cities in the state to shed light on the patterns of crime.


Wyoming

Wyoming Domestic Violence and Sexual Abuse Incident-Based Analysis (2007)
Wyoming Statistical Analysis Center
The Wyoming Survey and Analysis Center at the University of Wyoming provides a preliminary analysis of incident-based data related to domestic violence and sexual assault in the state, using both law enforcement and service provider data.


Next: State Projects Using IBR Data