Other Incident-Based Systems
Although the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) is the system most law enforcement agencies are striving to incorporate, other incident-based systems have been developed across the country.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is currently developing an expanded incident-based system to provide more up-to-date investigative information. The Law Enforcement National Data Exchange (N-DEx) combines national data with analytical and mapping tools. Still in the development state, NDEx data will be available only to law enforcement.
Fusion Centers also bring together data from multiple law enforcement agencies in a geographic area, mixed with intelligence information from various public sectors. As of September 2007, 38 fusion centers are in operation around the country. Each center varies in the information included in the regional system and the number and types of agencies participating. The Department of Justice has released a number of guidelines to assist in the development of these centers.
The Improving Crime Data (ICD) system is currently being developed by the Urban Serving Universities. The project has brought together law enforcement agencies from across the country to develop a incident-based sharing system. Smaller than NIBRS, ICD uses a Web portal to allow participants to access and analyze data.