Comparison of NIBRS and UCR Definitions

All FBI UCR definitions were quoted directly from the Crime in the United States, 2010. All FBI NIBRS definitions were quoted directly from the Uniform Crime Reporting Handbook: NIBRS Edition published by the FBI (2012).


General Offense Category
UCR Part and Definition
NIBRS Group and Definition
Arson Part I Arson

Any willful or malicious burning or attempt to burn, with or without intent to defraud, a dwelling house, public building, motor vehicle or aircraft, personal property of another, etc.

Group A Arson

To unlawfully and intentionally damage, or attempt to damage, any real or personal property by fire or incendiary device.

Assault Offenses Part I Aggravated Assault

An unlawful attack by one person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury. This type of assault usually is accompanied by the use of a weapon or by means likely to produce death or great bodily harm. Simple assaults are excluded.

Group A Aggravated Assault

An unlawful attack by one person upon another wherein the offender uses a weapon or displays it in a threatening manner, or the victim suffers obvious severe or aggravated bodily injury involving apparent broken bones, loss of teeth, possible internal injury, severe laceration, or loss of consciousness. This also includes assault with disease (as in cases when the offender is aware that he/she is infected with a deadly disease and deliberately attempts to inflict the disease by biting, spitting, etc.).

Part II Other Assault (Simple)

Assaults and attempted assaults where no weapon was used or no serious or aggravated injury resulted to the victim. Stalking, intimidation, coercion, and hazing are included.

Group A Simple Assault

An unlawful physical attack by one person upon another where neither the offender displays a weapon, nor the victim suffers obvious severe or aggravated bodily injury involving apparent broken bones, loss of teeth, possible internal injury, severe laceration, or loss of consciousness.

No Such Category in UCR
Group A Intimidation

To unlawfully place another person in reasonable fear of bodily harm through the use of threatening words and/or other conduct, but without displaying a weapon or subjecting the victim to actual physical attack.

Bad Checks No Such Category in UCR
Group B Bad Checks

Knowingly and intentionally writing and/or negotiating checks drawn against insufficient or nonexistent funds.

Bribery No Such Category in UCR
Group A Bribery

(Except Sports Bribery) The offering, giving, receiving, or soliciting of anything of value (i.e., a bribe, gratuity, or kickback) to sway the judgment or action of a person in a position.

Burglary/Breaking and Entering Part I Burglary - Breaking or Entering

The unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or a theft. Attempted forcible entry is included.

Group A Burglary/Breaking and Entering

The unlawful entry into a building or other structure with the intent to commit a felony or a theft.

Counterfeiting/Forgery Part II Forgery and Counterfeiting

The altering, copying, or imitating of something, without authority or right, with the intent to deceive or defraud by passing the copy or thing altered or imitated as that which is original or genuine; or the selling, buying, or possession of an altered, copied, or imitated thing with the intent to deceive or defraud. Attempts are included.

Group A Counterfeiting/Forgery

The altering, copying, or imitation of something, without authority or right, with the intent to deceive or defraud by passing the copy or thing altered or imitated as that which is original or genuine; or the selling, buying, or possession of an altered, copied, or imitated thing with the intent to deceive or defraud.

Curfew/Loitering/Vagrancy Violations Part II Curfew and loitering laws (persons under age 18)

Violations by juveniles of local curfew or loitering ordinances.

Group B Curfew/Loitering/Vagrancy Violations

The violation of a court order, regulation, ordinance, or law requiring the withdrawal of persons from the streets or other specified areas; prohibiting persons from remaining in an area or place in an idle or aimless manner; or prohibiting persons from going from place to place without visible means of support.

Part II Vagrancy

The violation of a court order, regulation, ordinance, or law requiring the withdrawal of persons from the streets or other specified areas; prohibiting persons from remaining in an area or place in an idle or aimless manner; or prohibiting persons from going from place to place without visible means of support.

Destruction/Damage/Vandalism of Property Part II Vandalism

To willfully or maliciously destroy, injure, disfigure, or deface any public or private property, real or personal, without the consent of the owner or person having custody or control by cutting, tearing, breaking, marking, painting, drawing, covering with filth, or any other such means as may be specified by local law. Attempts are included.

Group A Destruction/Damage/Vandalism of Property

To willfully or maliciously destroy, damage, deface, or otherwise injure real or personal property without the consent of the owner or the person having custody or control of it.

Disorderly Conduct Part II Disorderly Conduct

Any behavior that tends to disturb the public peace or decorum, scandalize the community, or shock the public sense of morality.

Group B Disorderly Conduct

Any behavior that tends to disturb the public or decorum, scandalize the community, or shock the public sense of morality.

Driving Under The Influence Part II Driving Under The Influence

Driving or operating a motor vehicle or common carrier while mentally or physically impaired as the result of consuming an alcoholic beverage or using a drug or narcotic.

Group B Driving Under The Influence

Driving or operating a motor vehicle or common carrier while mentally or physically impaired as the result of consuming an alcoholic beverage or using a drug or narcotic.

Drug/Narcotic Offenses Part II Drug Abuse Violations

The violation of laws prohibiting the production, distribution, and/or use of certain controlled substances. The unlawful cultivation, manufacture, distribution, sale, purchase, use, possession, transportation, or importation of any controlled drug or narcotic substance. Arrests for violations of state and local laws, specifically those relating to the unlawful possession, sale, use, growing, manufacturing, and making of narcotic drugs. The following drug categories are specified: opium or cocaine and their derivatives (morphine, heroin, codeine); marijuana; synthetic narcotics - manufactured narcotics that can cause true addiction (demerol, methadone); and dangerous nonnarcotic drugs (barbiturates, benzedrine).

General definition of Drug/Narcotic Violations:

The violation of laws prohibiting the production, distribution, and/or use of certain controlled substances and the equipment or devices utilized in their preparation and/or use.

No Such Category in UCR Group A Drug Narcotic Violations

The unlawful cultivation, manufacture, distribution, sale, purchase, use, possession, transportation, or importation of any controlled drug or narcotic substance.

No Such Category in UCR Group A Drug Equipment Violations

The unlawful manufacture, sale, purchase, possession, or transportation of equipment or devices utilized in preparing and/or using drugs or narcotics.

Drunkenness Part II Drunkenness

To drink alcoholic beverages to the extent that one's mental faculties and physical coordination are substantially impaired. Driving under the influence is excluded.

Group B Drunkenness (Except Driving Under The Influence)

To drink alcoholic beverages to the extent that one's mental faculties and physical coordination are substantially impaired.

Embezzlement Part II Embezzlement

The unlawful misappropriation or misapplication by an offender to his/her own use or purpose of money, property, or some other thing of value entrusted to his/her care, custody, or control.

Group A Embezzlement

The unlawful misappropriation by an offender to his/her own use or purpose of money, property, or some other thing of value entrusted to his/her care, custody, or control.

Extortion/Blackmail

No Such Category in UCR

Group A Extortion/Blackmail

To unlawfully obtain money, property, or any other thing of value, either tangible or intangible, through the use or threat of force, misuse of authority, threat of criminal prosecution, threat of destruction of reputation or social standing, or through other coercive means.

Family Offenses Part II Offenses against the family and children

Unlawful nonviolent acts by a family member (or legal guardian) that threaten the physical, mental, or economic well-being or morals of another family member and that are not classifiable as other offenses, such as Assault or Sex Offenses. Attempts are included.

Group B Family Offenses, Nonviolent

Unlawful, nonviolent acts by a family member (or legal guardian) that threaten the physical, mental, or economic well-being or morals of another family member and that are not classifiable as other offenses, such as Assault, Incest, Statutory Rape, etc.

Fraud Offenses Part II Fraud

The intentional perversion of the truth for the purpose of inducing another person or other entity in reliance upon it to part with something of value or to surrender a legal right. Fraudulent conversion and obtaining of money or property by false pretenses. Confidence games and bad checks, except forgeries and counterfeiting, are included.

Group A Fraud Offenses:

(Except Counterfeiting/Forgery and Bad Checks) The intentional perversion of the truth for the purpose of inducing another person, or other entity, in reliance upon it to part with something of value or to surrender a legal right.

No Such Category in UCR

Group A False Pretenses/Swindle/Confidence Game

The intentional misrepresentation of existing fact or condition, or the use of some other deceptive scheme or device, to obtain money, goods, or other things of value.

No Such Category in UCR

Group A Credit Card/Automated Teller Machine Fraud

The unlawful use of a credit (or debit) card or automated teller machine for fraudulent purposes.

No Such Category in UCR

Group A Impersonation

Falsely representing one's identity or position, and acting in the character or position thus unlawfully assumed, to deceive others and thereby gain a profit or advantage, enjoy some right or privilege, or subject another person or entity to an expense, charge, or liability which would not have otherwise been incurred.

No Such Category in UCR

Group A Welfare Fraud

The use of deceitful statements, practices, or devices to unlawfully obtain welfare benefits.

No Such Category in UCR

Group A Wire Fraud

The use of an electric or electronic communications facility to intentionally transmit a false and/or deceptive message in furtherance of a fraudulent activity.

Gambling Offenses Part II Gambling

To unlawfully bet or wager money or something else of value; assist, promote, or operate a game of chance for money or some other stake; possess or transmit wagering information; manufacture, sell, purchase, possess, or transport gambling equipment, devices, or goods; or tamper with the outcome of a sporting event or contest to gain a gambling advantage.

Group A Gambling Offenses:

To unlawfully bet or wager money or something else of value; assist, promote, or operate a game of chance for money or some other stake; possess or transmit wagering information; manufacture, sell, purchase, possess, or transport gambling equipment, devices or goods; or tamper with the outcome of a sporting event or contest to gain a gambling advantage.

No Such Category in UCR

Group A Betting/Wagering

To unlawfully stake money or something else of value on the happening of an uncertain event or on the ascertainment of a fact in dispute.

No Such Category in UCR

Group A Operating/Promoting/Assisting Gambling

To unlawfully operate, promote, or assist in the operation of a game of chance, lottery, or other gambling activity.

No Such Category in UCR

Group A Gambling Equipment Violations

To unlawfully manufacture, sell, buy, possess, or transport equipment, devices, and/or goods used for gambling purposes.

No Such Category in UCR

Group A Sports Tampering

To unlawfully alter, meddle in, or otherwise interfere with a sporting contest or event for the purpose of gaining a gambling advantage.

Homicide Offenses Part I Murder and Non-negligent Manslaughter

The willful (nonnegligent) killing of one human being by another. Deaths caused by negligence, attempts to kill, assaults to kill, suicides, and accidental deaths are excluded.

Group A Murder and Nonnegligent Manslaughter

The willful (nonnegligent) killing of one human being by another.

Part I Negligent Manslaughter

Tthe killing of another person through gross negligence. Deaths of persons due to their own negligence, accidental deaths not resulting from gross negligence, and traffic fatalities are not included in the category Manslaughter by Negligence.

Group A Negligent Manslaughter

To unlawfully stake money or something else of value on the happening of an uncertain event or on the ascertainment of a fact in dispute.

Part I Justifiable Homicide

The killing of a felon by a law enforcement officer in the line of duty; or (2) the killing of a felon, during the commission of a felony, by a private citizen.

Group A Justifiable Homicide

The killing of a perpetrator of a serious criminal offense by a peace officer in the line of duty, or the killing, during the commission of a serious criminal offense, of the perpetrator by a private individual.

Kidnapping/Abduction

No Such Category in UCR

Group A Kidnapping/Abduction

The unlawful seizure, transportation, and/or detention of a person against his/her will, or of a minor without the consent of his/her custodial parent(s) or legal guardian.

Larceny-Theft Offenses Part I Larceny-Theft

The unlawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of property from the possession or constructive possession of another. Examples are thefts of bicycles, motor vehicle parts and accessories, shoplifting, pocketpicking, or the stealing of any property or article that is not taken by force and violence or by fraud. Attempted larcenies are included. Embezzlement, confidence games, forgery, check fraud, etc., are excluded.

Group A Larceny/Theft Offenses:

The unlawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of property from the possession, or constructive possession, of another person.

Part I Pocket-Picking

The theft of articles from another person's physical possession by stealth where the victim usually does not become immediately aware of the theft.

Group A Pocket-picking

The theft of articles from another person's physical possession by stealth where the victim usually does not become immediately aware of the theft.

Part I Purse-snatching

The grabbing or snatching of a purse, handbag, etc., from the physical possession of another person.

Group A Purse-snatching

The grabbing or snatching of a purse, handbag, etc., from the physical possession of another person.

Part I Shoplifting

The theft, by someone other than an employee of the victim, of goods or merchandise exposed for sale.

Group A Shoplifting

The theft, by someone other than an employee of the victim, of goods or merchandise exposed for sale.

Part I Theft From Building

A theft from within a building which is either open to the general public or where the offender has legal access.

Group A Theft From Building

A theft from within a building which is either open to the general public or where the offender has legal access.

Part I Theft From Coin-Operated Machine or Device

A theft from a device or machine which is operated or activated by the use of coins.

Group A Theft From Coin-Operated Machine or Device

A theft from a machine or device which is operated or activated by the use of coins.

Part I Theft From Motor Vehicle

(Except Theft of Motor Vehicle Parts or Accessories) The theft of articles from a motor vehicle, whether locked or unlocked.

Group A Theft From Motor Vehicle

(Except Theft of Motor Vehicle Parts or Accessories) The theft of articles from a motor vehicle, whether locked or unlocked.

Part I Theft of Motor Vehicle Parts or Accessories

The theft of any part or accessory attached to the interior or exterior of a motor vehicle in a manner which would make the part an attachment to the vehicle, or necessary for the operation of the vehicle.

Group A Theft of Motor Vehicle Parts or Accessories

The theft of any part or accessory affixed to the interior or exterior of a motor vehicle in a manner which would make the item an attachment of the vehicle, or necessary for its operation.

Part I Theft of Bicycles

The unlawful taking of any bicycle, tandem bicycle, unicycle, etc.

No Such Category in NIBRS

Part I All other Larceny

All thefts which do not fit the definitions of the specific categories of Larceny/Theft listed above.

Group A All other Larceny

All thefts which do not fit any of the definitions of the specific subcategories of Larceny/Theft listed above.

Liquor Law Violation Part II Liquor Law Violation

The violation of state or local laws or ordinances prohibiting the manufacture, sale, purchase, transportation, possession, or use of alcoholic beverages, not including driving under the influence and drunkenness. Federal violations are excluded.

Group B Liquor Law Violation

(Except Driving Under The Influence and Drunkenness) The violation of laws or ordinances prohibiting the manufacture, sale, purchase, transportation, possession, or use of alcoholic beverages.

Motor vehicle theft Part I Motor vehicle theft

The theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle. A motor vehicle is self-propelled and runs on land surface and not on rails. Motorboats, construction equipment, airplanes, and farming equipment are specifically excluded from this category.

Group A Motor Vehicle Theft

Motor Vehicle Theft—The theft of a motor vehicle.

Peeping Tom

No Such Category in UCR

Group B Peeping Tom

To secretly look through a window, doorway, keyhole, or other aperture for the purpose of voyeurism.

Pornography/Obscene Material

No Such Category in UCR

Group A Pornography/Obscene Material

The violation of laws or ordinances prohibiting the manufacture, publishing, sale, purchase, or possession of sexually explicit material, e.g., literature, photographs, etc.

Prostitution Offenses Part II Prostitution and Commercialized Vice

The unlawful promotion of or participation in sexual activities for profit, including attempts. To solicit customers or transport persons for prostitution purposes; to own, manage, or operate a dwelling or other establishment for the purpose of providing a place where prostitution is performed; or to otherwise assist or promote prostitution.

General definition of Prostitution Offenses:

To unlawfully engage in or promote sexual activities for anything of value.

No Such Category in UCR

Group A Prostitution

To engage in commercial sex acts for anything of value.

No Such Category in UCR

Group A Assisting or Promoting Prostitution

To solicit customers or transport persons for prostitution purposes; to own, manage, or operate a dwelling or other establishment for the purpose of providing a place where prostitution is performed; or to otherwise assist or promote prostitution.

Robbery Part I Robbery

The taking or attempting to take anything of value from the care, custody, or control of a person or persons by force or threat of force or violence and/or by putting the victim in fear.
Group A Robbery

The taking, or attempting to take, anything of value under confrontational circumstances from the control, custody, or care of another person by force or threat of force or violence and/or by putting the victim in fear of immediate harm.

Runaway Part II Runaway

For purposes of the UCR program, report in this category apprehensions for protective custody as defined by local statute. Arrest of runaways from one jurisdiction by another agency should be counted by the home jurisdiction. Do not include protective custody actions with respect to runaways taken for other jurisdictions.

Group B Runaway

A person under 18 years of age who has left home without permission of his/her parent(s) or legal guardian.

Sex Offenses, Forcible

General definition of a Sex Offense:

Any sexual act directed against another person, without the consent of the victim including instances where the victim is incapable of giving consent.

Part I Forcible Rape

The carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will. Rapes by force and attempts or assaults to rape, regardless of the age of the victim, are included. Statutory offenses (no force used - victim under age of consent) are excluded.

Group A Forcible Rape

(Except Statutory Rape) The carnal knowledge of a person, forcibly and/or against that person's will or not forcibly or against the person's will in instances where the victim is incapable of giving consent because of his/her temporary or permanent mental or physical incapacity.

No Such Category in UCR

Group A Forcible Sodomy

Oral or anal sexual intercourse with another person, forcibly and/or against that person's will or not forcibly or against the person's will in instances where the victim is incapable of giving consent because of his/her youth or because of his/her temporary or permanent mental or physical incapacity.

No Such Category in UCR

Group A Sexual Assault With An Object

To use an object or instrument to unlawfully penetrate, however slightly, the genital or anal opening of the body of another person, forcibly and/or against that person's will or not forcibly or against the person's will in instances where the victim is incapable of giving consent because of his/her youth or because of his/her temporary or permanent mental or physical incapacity.

No Such Category in UCR

Group A Forcible Fondling

The touching of the private body parts of another person for the purpose of sexual gratification, forcibly and/or against that person's will or not forcibly or against the person's will in instances where the victim is incapable of giving consent

Sex Offenses, Non-Forcible Part II Sex Offenses

(except forcible rape, prostitution, and commercialized vice) Offenses against chastity, common decency, morals, and the like. Incest, indecent exposure, and statutory rape are included. Attempts are included.

General definition of a Sex Offenses, Nonforcible:

(Except Prostitution Offenses) Unlawful, nonforcible sexual intercourse.

No Such Category in UCR

Group A Incest

Nonforcible sexual intercourse between persons who are related to each other within the degrees wherein marriage is prohibited by law.

No Such Category in UCR

Group A Statutory Rape

Nonforcible sexual intercourse with a person who is under the statutory age of consent.

Stolen Property Offenses Part II Stolen property: buying, receiving, possessing

Buying, receiving, possessing, selling, concealing, or transporting any property with the knowledge that it has been unlawfully taken, as by burglary, embezzlement, fraud, larceny, robbery, etc. Attempts are included.

Group A Stolen Property Offenses

Receiving, buying, selling, possessing, concealing, or transporting any property with the knowledge that it has been unlawfully taken, as by Burglary, Embezzlement, Fraud, Larceny, Robbery, etc.

Suspicion Part II Suspicion

Arrested for no specific offense and released without formal charges being placed.

No such category in NIBRS

Trespass of Real Property

No such category in UCR

Group B Trespass of Real Property

To unlawfully enter land, a dwelling, or other real property.

Weapon Law Violations Part II Weapons: Carrying, Possessing, etc.

The violation of laws or ordinances prohibiting the manufacture, sale, purchase, transportation, possession, concealment, or use of firearms, cutting instruments, explosives, incendiary devices, or other deadly weapons. Attempts are included.

Group A Weapon Law Violations

The violation of laws or ordinances prohibiting the manufacture, sale, purchase, transportation, possession, concealment, or use of firearms, cutting instruments, explosives, incendiary devices, or other deadly weapons.

All Other Offenses Part II All Other Offenses

All violations of state or local laws not specifically identified as Part I or Part II offenses, except traffic violations.

Group B All Other Offenses

All crimes that are not Group A offenses and not included in one of the specifically-named Group B offense categories listed previously.



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