Percent of Non-Intimate Family Members Included in

State Domestic Violence Arrests

 

 

 

State

Domestic Violence Crimes Involving Non-Intimate Family Members

Iowa

4%

Mississippi

5%

Michigan

5.3%*

New Jersey

12%

Nevada

13.4%

Georgia

14.6%

Florida

30%

Connecticut

31%

Texas

32.6%

 

 

 

*An additional 7.6% listed as “other.”


Batterer Intervention Programs

 

 

 

 

When does an 80% success rate equal 40%?

 

 

 

 

When typically 50% fail to show or to complete the batterer program.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Given low rate of completion,

the principle function of batterer programs is to identify referred abusers who do not attend as ordered. Program content is irrelevant.

 

Yet studies fail to look at what happens to program drop outs and no shows.  If referring agencies take immediate counter measures, victim safety may be actually enhanced by high program “failure” rates!


Batterer Intervention Programs

 

 

“While no differences were found (between experimental and control groups), a closer look revealed that completing the batterers’ program lessened the likelihood of VOPs and rearrests for both those in the experimental and control (voluntary participants) conditions. However, this gain was offset by the increased likelihood of VOPs and arrests that were associated with assignment into the counseling group.”*

 

 

Abusers

Number

Percent

Did Not Attend Any Program

70

30.4%

Terminated for absences, violations

39

17%

Total Non-Completers

109

47.4%

Completed 26 week program

115

50%

Missing data

6

2.6%

 

“(I)t is critical to bear in mind that mandating classes is also associated with higher rates of rearrest for men who are required to take these classes....  In other words, we found an increased likelihood of arrests where men assigned to counseling failed to attend.”

 

 

*Feder, L. & Forde, D. (June 20,2000). A Test of the Efficacy of Court-Mandated Counseling for Domestic Violence Offenders: The Broward Experiment, National Institute of Justice.


Massachusetts Restraining Order Re-Abuse Study*

 

 

 

 

When: 1992

 

N=1,000

 

Time Period for Re-Abuse: One year after Order issuance

 

Re-Abuse: 17.3% arrested for violation of order (includes all domestic violence crimes against same victim and order violations, state has mandatory arrest law for order violations)

 

 

Conclusion: Vast majority of victims not re-abused by respondent, restraining orders protect most victims of domestic violence who secure them.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* Isaac, N., Cochran, D., Brown, M. & Adams, S. (1994). Men Who Batter. Archives of Family Medicine 3(1), 50-54.

Massachusetts Restraining Order Re-Abuse Study

 

 

 

 

Orders

Number

Per-cent

Re-Abused

Percent

Re-Abused

Ex Parte

1,000

100%

173

17.3%

Final Orders

after 15 days

 

630

 

63%

 

173

 

27.5%

After six months

 

315

 

31.5%

 

173

 

54.9%

 


Rhode Island Restraining Orders’

Family Court – 1999*

 

 

 

Protective Orders

Number

Petitions

2,022

Denied at Initial Hearing

184

Denied at “Final” hearing

75

Pending (not served, etc.)

189

Total Ex Parte Orders

1,574

Orders Dismissed at Final Hearing

1,089

Orders Retained after 30 days

485

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

___(June 1, 2001). Rhode Island Victims’ Rights Needs Assessment, Waltham, MA: BOTEC Analysis Corporation


Victim Domestic Violence Reporting Rates:

 

 

 

54% Domestic Violence reported to police between 1993 and 1999*

 

                -- 28% reported Victims between 12-15

 

                -- 39% reported Victims age 50 or over

 

                --57% reported Victims 25-49

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* National Crime Victimization Survey, Bureau of Justice Statistics


Arrest Versus Victim Reports of Re-Abuse

 

Population Studies

Jurisdiction

Time Period

Official Record of Re-Abuse

Victim Report of Re-Abuse

Arrest Sample[i]

Charlotte, NC

6 months

16.5%

New DV Arrest

61.5%

Injuries, threats or property damage

Arrest

Sample[ii]

Eastern Norfolk County, MA

12 months

22.1%

Re-arrested for DV Assault

49.2%

Re-assaulted

Civilly Restrained Batterers[iii]

Denver & Boulder, Co.

6 months

4%

Contempt filings

 

75%

Illegal contact

21%

Stalking

Batterer Treatment Sample[iv]

Broward County, FL

12 months

5.3%

arrested for DV (same victim)

46%

New physical abuse

Batterer

Treatment Sample[v]

Pittsburgh, PA., Dallas & Houston, TX. & Denver, CO.

15 months

10%

Arrested for DV

51%

Re-assaulted or threatened

 

 

[1]



[1]



[i] Hirschel, J., Hutchinson, I., Dean, C., Kelley, J., & Pesackis, C. (1991), op. cit.

 

[ii] Buzawa, E., Hotaling, G., Klein, A., & Byrnes, J. (July 1999) op. cit.

 

[iii] Harrell, A., Smith, B. & Newmark, L. (1993). Court Processing and the Effects of Restraining Orders for Domestic Violence Victims. Washington D.C.: Urban Institute.

 

[iv] Feder, L. & Forde, D. (June 2000). A Test of the Efficacy of Court-Mandated Counseling for Domestic Violence Offedners: The Broward Experiment. Washington D.C.: National Institute of Justice.

 

[v] Gondolf, E. (December 1997). Patterns of Re-assault in Batterer Programs, Indiana, PA: Mid-Atlantic Addiction Training Program.