State Overview - State Summary - State Projects
Available Reports - Sample Data Collection Forms - Available Data - Links
|Domestic Violence Legislation:||Yes (§2919.25)|
|Additional IBR Elements:||Yes|
|Law Enforcement DV System:||Incident-based|
|Service Provider DV System:||Summary|
|Service Provider SA System:||Summary|
Ohio has legislation in place that defines domestic violence, including violence between same-sex partners. The state is NIBRS-certified and the Ohio Incident-Based Reporting System (OIBRS) is maintained by the Ohio Office of Criminal Justice Services (OCJS). Currently, approximately 270 (28%) law enforcement agencies report incident-based data to the Office. In addition to the NIBRS data elements, supplemental elements are collected, including:
- incident address
- method of operation
- suspect/arrestee hair color
- suspect/arrestee eye color
- suspect/arrestee height
- suspect/arrestee weight
- suspect/arrestee scars, marks, tattoos and other characteristics
OCJS administers the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) funds for the state. These funds assist units of local government for local domestic violence projects to develop and strengthen effective law enforcement and prosecution strategies and provide services to combat crimes against women. The Office also provides funding for 60 additional projects, including the implementation of a statewide initiative, projects focusing on underserved populations, and shelter and related assistance initiatives. Fifty-four of the 65 shelters in the state receive funding. Each agency receiving funding from the Office completes semiannual performance reports and a supplemental survey, providing aggregate statistics, completed at the end of the funding period. These data are compiled in an annual report and shared with the Office of Health and Human Services.
The Ohio Domestic Violence Network does not collect data from the local shelters, but has developed a Standards of Care protocol for health care providers. The Network also receives data collected by the Ohio Attorney General's Office and the Ohio Courts, which are consolidated and posted on the Network's Web site. The Network, along with the Ohio Department of Health Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence Prevention Program, also oversees the Ohio Sexual and Intimate Partner Violence Prevention Consortium. The Consortium does not collect data but is responsible for improving statewide planning for the primary prevention of sexual and intimate violence.
The Ohio Attorney General collects data through three separate divisions. Summary reports on domestic violence incidents are submitted to the Bureau of Criminal Identification and Investigation from law enforcement agencies in the state. These statistics are included in its annual report and are available upon request. The Crime Victim Assistance division also collects data from domestic violence and homeless shelters receiving divorce, dissolution and annulment fees from the local county commissioners. The division also collects summary statistics from performance reports submitted by all service providers receiving Victims of Crime Act (VOCA) and State Victims Assistance Act (SVAA) grants. All data are available upon request. The Crime Victims Services division tracks the number of awards paid through the Victims of Crime Compensation Program by type of crime, including domestic and sexual violence. These data are published in an annual report.
The Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence Prevention Program of the Ohio Department of Health collects aggregate data from sexual assault and rape prevention programs that receive Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) grants, as well as information on hotline calls. The Department also administers the state's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), including the domestic violence and sexual assault modules. These data are reported to the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion division of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. All of the information is available on the CDC Web site.
All 88 Domestic Relations district courts report data on intrafamily domestic relations cases to the Supreme Court of Ohio Case Management Section monthly. These data are published in the Supreme Court's annual report and aggregate data are available upon request.
The Health Policy Institute of Ohio creates county profiles of abuse using data from children's services, law enforcement, courts, and the health department. These profiles are available online.
The Ohio Highway Patrol maintains the repository for protection orders in the state. Each law enforcement agency submits the protection order information via the Law Enforcement Automated Data System (LEADS). This information is also made available nationally through the FBI's National Crime Information Center system.
Ohio DELTA Project
The Ohio Domestic Violence Network is using funding from the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for local projects in Knox County, Lucas County, and Warren County, as well as for projects at the state level geared towards support and strengthen the state's response to domestic violence.
President's Family Justice Center Initiative
The PFJCI is a pilot program administered by the Office on Violence Against Women that has awarded more than $20 million to 15 communities across the country for the planning, development, and establishment of comprehensive domestic violence victim service and support centers. The goal of the PFJCI is to make a victim's search for help and justice more efficient and effective by bringing professionals who provide an array of services together under one roof. The Family Justice Center of Northwest Ohio will provide services from a variety of on-site partners.
- Ohio Family Violence Prevention Project. (2010). Ohio family violence county profiles.
- Taylor, B. G., Stein, N., and Burden, F. F. (2010). Exploring gender differences in dating violence/harassment prevention programming in middle schools: Results from a randomized experiment. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 6 (4), 419 - 445. HREF="http://www.ohioattorneygeneral.gov/files/Publications/Publications-for-Victims/Domestic-Violence-Reports-(1)/2009-Domestic-Violence-Reports"> Domestic violence reports.
- Seltzer, D., Cline, R., and Ortega, S. (2009). Pathways in prevention: A roadmap for change. Ohio's plan for sexual and intimate partner violence prevention: Executive summary. Ohio Domestic Violence Network.
- Attorney General's Office. (2008). Domestic violence reports.
- Garner, J. H. and Maxwell, C. D. (2008). Crime control effects of prosecuting intimate partner violence in Hamilton County, Ohio: Reproducing and extending the analyses of Wooldredge and Thistlethwaite. NCJ 222907. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.
- Mulford, C. and Giordano, P. C. (2008). Teen dating violence: A closer look at adolescent romantic relationships. NCJ 224089. Washington, DC: US Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.
- Steinman, K. and Sahr, T. R. (2008). White paper on improving family violence prevention in Ohio. Health Policy Institute of Ohio.
- National Network to End Domestic Violence. (2008). Domestic violence counts 07: Executive summary for Ohio.
- Criminal Justice Research Center and Ohio State University Department of Sociology. (2007). Domestic violence in Ohio, 2004. Ohio Office of Criminal Justice Services.
- DeKeseredy, W. S. (2007). Sexual assault during and after separation/divorce: An exploratory study. NCJ 217591. US Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.
- National Network to End Domestic Violence. (2007). Domestic violence counts: Executive summary for Ohio.
- DeKeseredy, W. S. and Joseph, C. (2006). Separation and/or divorce sexual assault in rural Ohio: Preliminary results of an exploratory study. Violence Against Women, 12 (3), 301 - 311.
- Ventura, L. A. and Davis, G. (2006). An exploratory study of court-referred batterer intervention programs in Ohio. Ohio Office of Criminal Justice Services.
- Ohio Office of Criminal Justice Services, Family Violence Prevention and Services (2004). Annual Report.
- Shoaf, L. C. (2004). Domestic violence in Appalachian Ohio: The victim's perspective. Ohio Office of Criminal Justice Services.
- Hartman, J. L. and Belknap, J. (2003). Beyond the gatekeepers: Court professionals' self-reported attitudes about and experiences with misdemeanor domestic violence cases. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 30 (3), 349 - 373.
- Melton, H. C. and Belknap, J. (2003). He hits, she hits: Assessing gender differences and similarities in officially reported intimate partner violence. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 30 (3), 328 - 348.
- Ohio Office of Criminal Justice Services. (2003). The Ohio domestic violence benchbook: A practical guide to competence for judges and magistrates.
- Anthem Foundation (2000). Prevention of family violence in the Anthem Foundation of Ohio's service area.
- Belknap, J. and Graham, D. L. R. (2000). Factors related to domestic violence court dispositions in a large urban area: The role of victim/witness reluctance and other variables. NCJ 184232. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.
- Bohmer, C., Bronson, D. E., Hartnett, H., Brandt, J., and Kania, K. S. (2000). Victim advocacy services in urban programs: A description by staff and clients of service provisions and gaps. NCJ 182368. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.
- Thistlethwaite, A., Wooldredge, J. D., Gibbs, D. (1998). Severity of dispositions and the likelihood of domestic violence recidivism. Crime and Delinquency, 44 (3), 388 - 398.
- Wooldredge, J. D. (2002). Examining the (IR) relevance of aggregation bias for multilevel studies of neighborhoods and crime with an example comparing census tracts to official neighborhoods in Cincinnati. Criminology, 40 (3), 681 - 709.
- Wooldredge, J. D. and Thistlethwaite, A. (2005). Court dispositions and rearrest for intimate assault. Crime & Delinquency, 51 (1), 75 - 102.
- Wooldredge, J. D. and Thistlethwaite, A. (2003). Neighborhood structure and race-specific rates of intimate assault. Criminology, 41 (2), 393 - 422.
- Wooldredge, J. D. and Thistlethwaite, A. (2002). Reconsidering domestic violence recidivism: Conditioned effects of legal controls by individual and aggregate levels of stake in conformity. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 18 (1), 45 - 70.
- Wooldredge, J. D. and Thistlethwaite, A. (2001). Reconsidering domestic violence recidivism: Individual and contextual effects of court dispositions and stake in conformity. NCJ 188509. Washington, DC: US Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.
Violence Against Women
- Taylor, B., Stein, N., Mack, A. R., Horwood, T. J., and Burden, F. (2008). Experimental evaluation of gender violence/harassment prevention programs in middle schools. NCJ 221892. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice, US Department of Justice.
- Ohio Domestic Violence Network (2003). The Ohio domestic violence protocol for health care providers: Standards of care.
- Bohmer, C., Bronson, D. E., Hartnett, H., Brandt, J., and Kania,
K. S. (2000). Victim advocacy services in urban programs: A description by staff and clients of service provision and gaps, final report. NCJ 182368, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.
Sample Data Collection Forms
The Ohio Office of Criminal Justice Services (OCJS) collects crime data from law enforcement agencies using these forms according to the specifications outlined in this manual:
The OCJS Family Violence and Preventions Services division collects information from grantees using this form:
The Ohio Office of the Attorney General's Bureau of Criminal Identification and Investigation provides this domestic violence incident report form to assist law enforcement agencies in collecting the data required for the monthly domestic violence incidents summary report:
The Bureau of Criminal Identification and Investigation provides these forms to law enforcement to gather information on domestic violence incidents:
The Office of the Attorney General also requires all Victims of Crime Act (VOCA) and State Victims Assistance Act (SVAA) grantees to report summary information using this form:
The Ohio Department of Health's Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence Prevention program collects summary data from rape crisis programs using this form:
The Ohio Office of the Attorney General's Crime Victim Services section requires all shelters receiving funds to complete this annual report form and application, providing summary information:
The Ohio Domestic Violence Network recommends the use of these forms, as outlined in its protocol:
The Supreme Court of Ohio's Case Management Section collects summary domestic violence case information monthly using this form:
The Attorney General's Office collects information from victims applying for compensation using this form:
General Crime Statistics
Violence Against Women
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010). The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS) Detailed State Tables.
- Attorney General's Office. (2006). 2004 - 2005 VOCA Performance Report.
- Bohmer, C., Bronson, D. E., Hartnett, H., Brandt, J., and Kania, K. S. (1999). Evaluation of Victim Advocacy Services Funded by the Violence Against Women Act in Urban Ohio, 1999. NACJD Study No. 2992.
- Koss, M. P. (1986). Criminal Victimization Among Women in Cleveland, Ohio: Impact on Health Status and Medical Service Usage, 1986. NACJD Study No. 9920.
Links to State Agencies and Resources