State Overview - State Summary - State Projects
Available Reports - Sample Data Collection Forms - Available Data - Links
|Domestic Violence Legislation:||Yes (§50B-1)|
|Additional Data Elements||Yes|
|Law Enforcement DV System:||Incident-based|
|Service Provider DV System:||Summary|
|Service Provider SA System:||Summary|
The state statute defining domestic violence does not includes incidents between same-sex partners. The North Carolina State Bureau of Investigation Crime Reporting and Statistics Unit maintains the state Uniform Crime Reporting program; although the state is not NIBRS certified, most law enforcement agencies submit incident-based data. There are two levels of reporting - Level II and Level III; Level III incident data are NIBRS compatible. The majority of agencies, approximately 250, report Level II, while around 15 agencies submit Level III data. Roughly 2% of agencies submit summary counts of offenses. The Level III system does include elements in addition to what is required by NIBRS; these include:
In addition to these, several data elements were expanded to include additional data values:
- incident status (further investigation, inactive, closed/cleared, closed/leads exhausted)
- domestic incident (yes, no)
- incident tract (optional)
- incident latitude/longitude
- rape place of encounter (location codes to indicate where the victim of a rape first encountered the offender)
- law enforcement activity (responding to disturbance calls, burglaries in progress, robberies in progress, attempting other arrest, civil disorder, handling/transporting/custody of prisoners, investigating suspicious persons or circumstances, ambush, mentally deranged, traffic pursuits/stops, other)
- law enforcement assignment (2-man vehicle, one man alone, one man assisted, special alone - detective/undercover, special assisted, other alone - off-duty/on foot, other assisted
- fingerprint card check digit (optional)
- arrest tract (optional)
- arrest charge type (felony, misdemeanor, infraction)
- charge count
- offense jurisdiction (yes, no)
- School Resource Officer arrest (yes, no)
- suspected arrest drug type (list of drugs as in property section)
- estimated arrest drug quantity
- type arrest drug measurement
Summary data are published in an annual report and are available upon request.
- location data element was expanded to include home of victim, home of offender, residential care facility and other residence
- victim type was expanded to include law enforcement officer in the line of duty
- relationship of victim to offender was expanded to include ex-boy/girlfriend and care recipient
- type of arrest was expanded to include order for arrest and warrant for arrest, and summons and citation were broken into separate values
- disposition of arrestee under 16 was expanded to include referred to juvenile court/probation agency, community agency/program, other police agency, and criminal/adult court
The Governor's Crime Commission Criminal Justice Analysis Center conducts a victimization survey about every five years. The last survey was conducted in 1999 and was a duplicate of the 1997 survey. Reports on the 1997 survey are available on its Web site, along with some research reports focusing on domestic violence. The North Carolina Council for Women / Domestic Violence Commission provides funding to local displaced homemaker programs, domestic violence programs and local sexual assault programs. The Council also certifies abuser treatment programs for use by the North Carolina courts. All programs receiving funding from the Council must submit data reports twice a year, while the abuser treatment programs submit data quarterly. The information is compiled into a spreadsheet and used in an annual report. Both are available from its Web site and by request.
Neither the North Carolina Coalition Against Domestic Violence nor the North Carolina Coalition Against Sexual Assault collect statistics from local service providers; rather, both request data from the Council for Women / Domestic Violence Commission. The Domestic Violence Coalition also collects information on domestic violence-related homicides from community reports and newspapers. The information is provided on its Web site and is used in an annual report.
Child Support Payments and Pending Domestic Violence Cases
The Governor's Crime Commission Criminal Justice Analysis Center is conducting a research study to compare methods for increasing the filing rate for child support payments within the context of pending domestic violence cases in the courts. The study uses a quasi-experimental design in which some domestic violence victims with children receive a financial affidavit while others receive an information packet outlining the procedures for requesting child support. Court personnel are responsible for the distribution of materials and the Center will be analyzing the final aggregate data. The differing methods will be compared to determine the most effective means for increasing child support requests.
Automation Capabilities of Service Providers
The Governor's Crime Commission Criminal Justice Analysis Center is assessing the automation capabilities and needs of the state-funded domestic violence and sexual assault provider programs. The study will collect baseline data to determine the readiness for development of an automated statewide data collection program.
Project Rainbow Net
In the summer of 2003, the North Carolina Coalition Against Domestic Violence began a new initiative aimed at addressing domestic violence in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) relationships. The initiative, Project Rainbow Net, is a grassroots effort based on the insight of an advisory council made up of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered people who have an understanding of domestic violence in LGBT relationships and a desire to end it. Project Rainbow Net will provide a series of trainings to LGBT community groups and domestic violence service providers across the state in order to improve the state's response to LGBT survivors of domestic violence. Information will be gathered and disseminated to domestic violence programs and LGBT community groups working to address domestic violence in LGBT relationships.
Statewide Information System for Domestic Violence/Sexual Assault Programs
The Governor's Crime Commission will be developing a statewide data collection system that captures information about the types of services provided by domestic violence and sexual assault agencies as well as methods for measuring the data to determine the impact or effectiveness of services on victims.
An Intersectional Analysis of Domestic Violence: Understanding the Help-Seeking Decisions of Marginalized Battered Women
Researchers at Michigan State University are collecting data from women in an urban city in North Carolina to identify barriers to seeking services. The research will use interviews of the largely marginalized population to determine how and why women make the decision of whether or not to seek help.
- North Carolina Coalition Against Domestic Violence. (Annual). Annual report.
- Foshee, V. A., Reyes, H. L. M., and Ennett, S. T. (2010). Examination of sex and race differences in longitudinal predictors of the initiation of adolescent dating violence perpetration. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma, 19,(5) 492 - 516.National Network to End Domestic Violence. (2008). Domestic violence counts 07: Executive summary for North Carolina.
- North Carolina Criminal Justice Analysis Center. (2008). The Domestic/Intimate Partner Violence Forensic Nurse Program for Western North Carolina. Grant Update. Governor's Crime Commission.
- Kim, J. and Starsoneck, L. (2007). North Carolina district courts' response to domestic violence: Best practices and judicial training.
- National Network to End Domestic Violence. (2007). Domestic violence counts: Executive summary for North Carolina.
- Yearwood, D., Dowd, K., and Starsoneck. L. (2007). Child support application filing rates and domestic violence protection order cases. North Carolina Criminal Justice Analysis Center, Governor's Crime Commission.
- Friday, P. C., Lord, V. B., Exum, M. L., and Hartman, J. L. (2006). Evaluating the impact of a specialized domestic violence police unit. NCJ 215916. US Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.
- Moracco, K. E., Clark, K. A., Espersen, C., and Bowling, J. M. (2006). Preventing firearms volence among victims of intimate partner violence: An evaluation of a new North Carolina law. NCJ 215773. US Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.
- Child Well-Being and Domestic Violence Project. (2005). Magistrate protocol for domestic violence cases: Guidelines with emphasis on issues related to children.
- Child Well-Being and Domestic Violence Task Force. (2003). Final report.
- DuPree, C. (2003). Durham, North Carolina, arrest policies project: A process evaluation. NCJ 201877. Washington, DC: US Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.
- North Carolina Governor's Crime Commission Criminal Justice Analysis Center. (2002). Dispositional outcomes of domestic violence ex-parte and domestic violence protective orders. SystemStats, Winter.
- North Carolina Governor's Crime Commission Criminal Justice Analysis Center. (2002). Domestic violence shelters and minorities: An assessment of minority victims’ needs and the extent of minority involvement as shelter staff. SystemStats, Spring.
- North Carolina Governor's Crime Commission Criminal Justice Analysis Center. (2002). Effective strategies for domestic violence shelters: Strengthening services for children. SystemStats, Summer.
- Violence Working Group. (2002). The North Carolina domestic violence programs survey.
- DuPree, C. (2000). Durham, North Carolina, arrest policies project: A process evaluation on site April 1999. NCJ 201877. Washington, DC: US Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.
- Hutchison, I. W. (1999). Influence of alcohol and drugs on women's utilization of the police for domestic violence. NCJ 179277. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.
- Governor's Task Force on Domestic Violence (1999). Final report.
- Gregory, A. and Peters, S. (1998). Domestic violence: Best practices for law enforcement response. North Carolina Governor's Crime Commission Violence Against Women Committee.
- Hirschel, J. D., Hutchison, I. W., III, Dean, C. W., Kelley, J. J., and Pesakcsi, C. E. (1992). Charlotte spouse assault replication project, final report. NCJ 130096, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.
Violence Against Women
Sample Data Collection Forms
The North Carolina State Bureau of Investigation collects Level III incident-based data based on these specifications:
The North Carolina Council for Women / Domestic Violence Commission collects summary information from grantees using these forms:
The North Carolina Governor's Commission collects information about data collection systems used by domestic and sexual violence service providers using this online survey:
The North Carolina Governor's Commission conducted a victimization survey in 1999 using this instrument:
The North Carolina Coalition Against Domestic Violence, the North Carolina Domestic Violence Commission, and the University of North Carolina conducted a survey of all domestic violence programs using this instrument:
- North Carolina Coalition Against Domestic Violence. (Annual). Domestic Violence Homicides in North Carolina.
- North Carolina Court System. (Annual). Domestic Violence Issues in District Court Civil Cases.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010). The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS) Detailed State Tables.
- Piquero, A. R., Brame, R., Fagan, J., and Moffitt, T. E. (2007). Offender characteristics, offense mix, and escalation in domestic violence in Colorado Springs, Colorado, Miami-Dade, Florida, Omaha, Nebraska, Charlotte, North Carolina, and Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 1987-1989. NACJD Study 4454.
- North Carolina Coalition Against Domestic Violence. (2005). 2005 Domestic Violence-Related Homicide Statistics.
- Violence Working Group. (2002). Percentages of Domestic Violence Programs Offering Various Types of Counseling Services.
- Hirschel, J. D. (1993). Charlotte [North Carolina] Spouse Assault Replication Project, 1987-1989. NACJD Study No. 6114.
Violence Against Women
Links to State Agencies and Resources