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State Overview

Domestic Violence Legislation: Yes (45-5-206)
NIBRS Status:Certified
Additional IBR Elements:Yes
Law Enforcement DV System:Incident-Based
Service Provider DV System:Incident-Based
Service Provider SA System:Incident-Based

State Summary

The state of Montana has statewide legislation defining domestic violence, but it does not include same-sex romantic relationships. One hundred eleven of 118 law enforcement agencies are currently reporting incident-based data directly to the Montana Board of Crime Control (MBCC); agencies using summary-based systems have a separate check box on their incident reports to indicate aggravated or simple domestic violence incidents. The state IBR system does include one additional IBR data element in the form of a flag for domestic abuse incidents. The Montana NIBRS system includes a code for stalking, as well.

The MBCC also receives data directly from domestic violence and sexual assault service providers in the state. The state has developed the Providers of Data Quality (PDQ) database, which is a customized database developed for tracking domestic and sexual violence statistics in Montana. Every program receiving domestic or sexual violence funding in the state is required to file quarterly reports detailing demographic information on the victims they serve, the crime they suffered, and the services they received. After the validity of the data is assessed, it is downloaded by the state's domestic and sexual violence funders, usually the Department of Public Health and Human Services and the Montana Board of Crime Control. Roughly 70 nonprofit service providers submit quarterly reports through the PDQ. The information is also available to local service providers and local police departments. All of the data are available online through the Montana Coalition Against Domestic and Sexual Violence Web site. The Board of Crime Control will share information upon request.

The Montana Domestic Violence Fatality Review Commission examines the trends and patterns of domestic violence-related fatalities in Montana. The Commission, in addition to using law enforcement data, interviews the families of both the offender and victim. Information is released in reports to the legislature.

State Projects

  • Crisis Resource Center

  • The Montana Coalition Against Domestic and Sexual Violence and Voices of Hope have received a grant from the National Network of Libraries of Medicine to create and maintain a Crisis Resource Center for mental health, sexual assault, and domestic violence service providers.

  • Montana DELTA Project

  • The Montana Coalition Against Domestic and Sexual Violence has received funding from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for the Domestic Violence Prevention Enhancement and Leadership Through Alliances (DELTA) project. The project focuses on three key areas: prevention, collaboration and employing a multi-level approach to community involvement. DELTA is currently underway in Carbon, Hill and Ravalli Counties and Missoula.

  • Seven Sisters Native Coalition

  • The Montana Coalition Against Domestic and Sexual Violence has received funding from the U.S. Department of Justice to create a Native American Coalition in Montana. Currently in the development state, this new Coalition will focus on meeting the needs of domestic violence and sexual assault victims on the 7 Indian reservations in the state.

Available Reports

General Crime

Domestic Violence

Sample Data Collection Forms

This shows screen shots of the service provider database used by the Montana Board of Crime Control:

Available Data

General Crime

Violence Against Women

Links to Agencies and Resources

Local Services, Shelters and Hotlines