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State Overview

Domestic Violence Legislation: Yes (455.010)
NIBRS Status:Certified
Additional IBR Elements:Yes
Law Enforcement DV System:Voluntary Incident-Based
Service Provider DV System:Incident-Based
Service Provider SA System:Summary

State Summary

The state of Missouri has legislation defining domestic violence that does include same-sex relationships. The state is certified to collect NIBRS data and fifteen law enforcement agencies in the state are reporting. The Missouri State Highway Patrol has added over 100 additional data elements to its incident-based system, including:

  • separate domestic violence indicator
  • separate domestic violence relationship
  • prior domestic violence incident against victim
  • prior domestic violence incident against offender
  • court order of protection in place
  • offender is a registered sex offender
The Missouri system also includes a Person segment, which includes identifying information such as address, date of birth, and employer for arrestees, offenders, victims, and witnesses. The full reporting specifications are available online.

Currently law enforcement agency incident reports have a check box to indicate when an incident is domestic in nature. On a voluntary basis, agencies also submit a supplemental report monthly, which includes summaries of the number of domestic violence incidents by relationship of victim and offender, as well as all forcible rape incidents. The Highway Patrol provides domestic violence statistics on the Statistical Analysis Center Web site. The Center also provides data upon request.

The Missouri Office for Victims of Crime also collects counts of crimes, including domestic violence and rape, from the State Highway Patrol. These counts are included in an annual report, which will eventually be available from its Web site.

The Missouri Coalition Against Domestic and Sexual Violence (formerly the Missouri Coalition Against Domestic Violence) collects data monthly from its 107 member programs, including victim demographics and data on the services provided. The Coalition uses this information in conjunction with the data reported to the Highway Patrol to produce monthly and annual reports. The Missouri Coalition Against Sexual Assault collects only summary statistics on the number of clients served by each agency.

The Department of Health and Senior Services' (DHSS) Office of Surveillance collects information on patient injuries from every state hospital using the Missouri Information Community Assessment (MICA). MICA collects pdf document 40 incident-based data elements. The data are available online from the MICA Web site; however, the information is combined into one category (Abuse/Neglect/Rape). A report is published each year that includes spouse/partner assaults, sexual assault and rape by age, and race of victim by state and by county. The DHSS is also collecting domestic violence and sexual assault information through the state Behavioral Risk Factor System. These data should be available on the Web soon.

Collection of Victim Evidence Regarding Sexual Assault (COVERSA) is an independent Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) program in the Kansas City area. Victims who give consent for a forensic exam are included in an internal database; select information is shared with law enforcement when the victim chooses to file an incident report. The local crime lab, police department, prosecutor's office, and victim advocate's office all have limited access to some of the information in the database.

Safe Connections (formerly Women's Support and Community Services) tracks the number of calls received by its 24-hour hotline in the St. Louis City and County area. The number of calls relating to rape, incest, child abuse, and sexual assault, along with caller demographics, are included in an annual report. Data are available in aggregate form upon request.

State Projects

  • President's Family Justice Center Initiative
    The PFJCI is a pilot program administered by the Office on Violence Against Women that has awarded more than $20 million to 15 communities across the country for the planning, development, and establishment of comprehensive domestic violence victim service and support centers. The goal of the PFJCI is to make a victim's search for help and justice more efficient and effective by bringing professionals who provide an array of services together under one roof. The St. Louis Family Justice Center provides services from a variety of on-site partners.

Available Reports

General Crime Statistics

Domestic Violence

Sexual Assault

Sample Data Collection Forms

This is the supplemental report form used by the State Highway Patrol:

This form, also used by the State Highway Patrol, is completed for every homicide, including domestic violence-related homicides:

These are the list of data elements collected by the Missouri Information Community Assessment and the entry form used by the Department of Health and Senior Services' Office of Surveillance:

These are the instructions and form used by the Missouri Coalition Against Domestic Violence:

Available Data

Domestic Violence

Sexual Assault

Links to Agencies and Resources

Local Services, Shelters and Hotlines